科学家警告,随着地球自转变慢,我们将面临频繁地震

新闻 二十四 2020-01-25 00:15

原文地址:https://www.yahoo.com

原创翻译:龙腾网  翻译:黎明晖烬

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正文翻译:

As World Turns More Slowly, We Face Earthquake Boom, Scientists Warn

科学家警告,随着地球自转变慢,我们将面临频繁地震

More powerful earthquakes could rock the globe in 2018 because of infinitesimal changes in the speed of the Earth’s rotation, scientists warn.

科学家警告,由于地球自转速度的细微变化,2018年世界可能面临更多强震。

It seems contradictory, but a minuscule slowing of the Earth’s rotation over years, which can extend the length of a day by a millisecond or more, appears to be lixed to an increase in major quakes. 

这似乎是自相矛盾的,然而地球自转速度在几年里的微小减慢,会使得每天的长度延长一毫秒或更多,大地震频率的增加似乎与之有关。

Roger Bilham of the University of Colorado and Rebecca Bendick of the University of Montana say that historical data since 1900 clearly reveal a “strong” lix between major global earthquake activity and a slight slowing of the Earth’s rotation for five or six years. That has occurred approximately every 32 years. If that pattern continues, the number of powerful quakes in the coming year could triple, according to the researchers.

科罗拉多大学的Roger Bilham和蒙大拿州大学的Rebecca Bendick称,1900年以来的历史数据明确显示,全球重大地震活动与地球自转速度在5、6年时间内的轻微减缓之间存在着“强有力”的联系。这种情况大约每32年发生一次。根据两位研究者的说法,如果这种模式持续下去,那么明年大地震次数可能增加至三倍。

“On five occasions in the past century, a 25 [to] 30 percent increase in annual numbers of earthquakes [of a magnitude 7.0 or greater] has coincided with a slowing in the mean rotation velocity of the earth,” the scientists noted in a research abstract. They presented their findings recently at a meeting of the Geological Society of America.

这些科学家在一份研究摘要中指出:“地球平均自转速度减慢的同时,年度地震(7.0级或以上)次数增加了25%~30%——这种情况上个世纪曾发生过5次。”他们最近在美国地质学会一次会议上展示了他们的成果。

“Next year we should see a significant increase in numbers of severe earthquakes,” Bilham warned in an interview with The Observer. “We have had it easy this year. So far we have only had about six severe earthquakes. We could easily have 20 a year starting in 2018.”

“明年我们应当会看到大地震次数的显著增加,” Bilham 在接受《观察家》采访时警告称。“今年我们过得很轻松。目前为止我们只经历了六次大地震。而进入2018年,大地震可能会轻松达到20次。

The researchers don’t understand precisely the dynamics that may explain what’s happening when the Earth slows. As the Earth’s rotation slows, the diameter of the equator shrinks, essentially “rumpling” the tectonic plates nearby and increasing the likelihood of a major earthquake where the plates connect, Bilham explained on the BBC radio program “Science in Action.” 

研究人员还没搞清楚地球自转变慢的动力学解释。Bilham 在BBC广播节目《科学的作用》(Science in Action)上解释道:随着地球自转的减慢,赤道直径会缩小,实质上使得赤道附近的构造板块“起皱”,因此增加了板块连接处大地震的可能性,。

Historically, most earthquake upticks lixed to a slower planet rotation occurred near the equator in the West and East Indies, according to the scientists. Since 1900, more than 80 percent of all major quakes on the eastern Caribbean plate boundary, including the 2010 Haiti quake, have occurred five years following a “maximum deceleration” of the Earth’s rotation, according to Bilham and Bendick.

根据科学家的说法,在历史上,大多数与地球自转变慢有关的地震频发都发生在赤道附近的东、西印度群岛。Bilham 和Bendick 称,自1900年以来,发生在东加勒比板块边界的所有大地震中——包括2010年海地地震——有超过80%的地震发生在地球自转达到“减速极值”后的5年内。

评论翻译:

This is what I find so interesting about the whole global warming issue, Earth is zipping around our sun while spinning on our axis all the while our galaxy is traveling at over 700,000 MPH thru the universe. Just a minuscule difference in any of those factors would alter our climate.

这就是我发现全球变暖问题有意思的地方,地球绕着太阳转,太阳绕着银河中心转,而我们的银河系正以超过70万英里的时速在宇宙中穿梭。这些种种因素的任何细微变化都会改变我们的气候。

Can I get overtime pay for that extra millisecond?

多了一毫秒?我能得到加班费吗?

Quick, buy a prius, divest of oil stocks, agree to be taxed to redistribute wealth so our governments can speed up the world's rotation. If that seems like an absurd idea, you now understand why doing the same things to change climate is absurd.

快呀,买一辆普锐斯(丰田旗下车品牌),抛售石油股票,同意征税以重新分配财富,这样我们的政府就可以加速地球旋转了——是不是听着很荒谬?如果你觉着荒谬,捏也应该能明白了“做这些事情能改变气候”的想法也是荒谬的。

Scientists should study all the times their predictions were incorrect and release that report to the public...

科学家应该研究一下他们所有的错误预测,然后向公众发布报告……

Superman could fix the earth's rotation in short order.

超人能够迅速修正地球自转。

Days get longer and the moon is drifting away as well ... That being said the moon is moving away at 1.6 inches per year ...The slowing of the Earth’s rotation over the last 100 years is estimated to be about 1.4 milliseconds. which means it will be 180 million years to add just one hour to a day, extending it from 24 hours to 25 hours...

白天在变长,月球也在离我们远去……也就是说,月球正以每年1.6英寸(约4厘米)的速度离开我们。过去100年里地球自转速度减慢了约1.4毫秒。也就是说,1.8亿年后,一天时间将增加1小时,从24小时延长到25小时。

I suspected I'd been waking up milliseconds too early lately. Who do I sue for this loss of sleep?!

我怀疑我最近每天早醒了1毫秒。我应该找谁赔偿我损失的睡眠?!

My guess is that Merkel, Schumer, the pope & the rest of the Marxist globalists will soon suggest distributing the earth's population evenly over the planet to balance its weight so it spins more smoothly & thus faster.

我猜,默克尔、舒默(美参议员,民主党核心)、教皇和其他全球主义者很快就会建议,均匀分配地球人口分布,以平衡其重量使其更平稳地旋转,从而旋转更快。

Has anyone correlated any possible climate effects of the rotational deceleration? Could the longer days (minute as the changes are) have any effect on global warming?

有没有人研究过自转减速与气候影响是否可能有关联?更长的日时是否对全球变暖有影响?

Scientists are looking for a way to blame Donald Trump and wealthy white males in general.

科学家正在寻找一种新方式指责特朗普和富有的白人男性。

So, this meant that china artificial island will be demolished by an earthquake in half not later but sooner.

所以,这意味着中国的人工岛很快将被地震摧毁。

I really believe that this is being caused by wind mills slowing down the earth's rotation due to all of the extra drag they create.

我真的认为是风力发电机减慢了地球自转,因为它们造成了额外阻力。

The alarmist movement is desperately trying to find a way to blame earthquakes (and other natural disasters) on man. The population is easier to control (and tax) when the bad guy (man) is clearly identified. The good vs evil scenario resonates well with Joe public.

危言耸听者正想方设法把地震(和其他自然灾害)怪罪到人类头上。这样就能更轻易地控制大众和税收。

In addition to the explanation of the earth's equator shrinking (contracting), another concept is at work. The concept of the the earth's rotation slowing down can be compared to an ice skater twirling. When the ice skater spins, and extends her arms outward, her spin (rotation) slows, when she brings her arms close to her body, her spin speeds up. Thus when massive magma rises to the surface, it ever so slightly causes the earth's rotation to slow down. Further more, rising magma to the surface causes a rise in earthquakes. This is basic physics (conservation of angular momentum).

除了地球赤道收缩这一解释外,还有另一个相关概念。地球自转减慢这一概念可以比作一个滑冰运动员旋转。当溜冰者旋转时,她向外伸手臂,那么她的旋转会减慢,当她把手臂贴近身体时,她的旋转速度会加快。因此,当大量岩浆上涌到地表时会造成地球自转轻微减缓。此外,岩浆上升过程会导致地震的增加。这是基本物理原理(角动量守恒)。

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